Check the NTFS file system with CHKDSK
syntax CHKNTFS drive: [...] CHKNTFS /C drive: [...] CHKNTFS /X drive: [...] CHKNTFS /D key drive : Specifies a drive letter.
/C : Check - schedules chkdsk to be run at the next reboot.
/X : Exclude a drive from the default boot-time check. Excluded drives are not accumulated between command invocations.
/D : Restore the machine to the default behavior; all drives are
checked at boot time and chkdsk is run on those that are dirty. This undoes the effect of the /X option.
If no switches are specified, CHKNTFS will display the status
dirty bit for each drive.
Also see Q160963
CHKDSK - Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
Equivalent Linux BASH commands: